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Facts & Figures

As Rouge Park transitions to become Canada's first national urban park managed by Parks Canada, its close proximity to 20 per cent of Canada's population will give more Canadians than ever before the opportunity to experience a national park and learn about and connect with our country's natural, cultural and agricultural heritage.

Rouge National Urban Park will be home to a unique combination of natural, cultural and agricultural features - including 1,700 species of plants, birds, fish, mammals, insects, reptiles and amphibians; more than 10,000 years of human history; and large tracts of Class 1 farmland, the rarest, most fertile and endangered in the country.

Some interesting facts about Rouge National Urban Park
  • Rouge National Urban Park will protect nature, culture and - for the first time in a Canadian federal park - agriculture. Parks Canada's approach to managing the Rouge will link the protection of agriculture with natural and cultural resource conservation.
  • Rouge National Urban Park will include lands located in the cities of Toronto, Markham and Pickering and in the Township of Uxbridge.
  • Totalling 79.1 km2, Rouge National Urban Park will nearly double the size of the current Rouge Park, creating one of the largest urban parks of its kind in the world.
  • On April 1, 2015, Transport Canada transferred the first lands that will make up Rouge National Urban Park to Parks Canada - 19.1 km2 of primarily Class-1 farmland in the north end of the park in the City of Markham.
  • Outcrops of rock formed during the last glacial period found in Rouge Park are important to geologists studying seismic activity, in particular the risk of earthquakes in the GTA. Faults are visible indicating significant earthquake activity between 80,000 and 13,000 years ago.
  • Rouge Park is home to the eastern arm of the nationally historic Carrying Place trail, which was an original portage route between Lake Ontario and Lake Simcoe.
  • Inspired by the scenery of the Rouge, F.H. Varley, one of Canada's renowned Group of Seven painters, captured the banks of the Rouge River in Markham on canvas during the 1950s as a lasting memory of their beauty.
  • Rouge Park's natural setting has provided filming locations for decades, posing as a backdrop for an array of landscapes, from the far north to the bayous of Mississippi. A Canadian filmmaker had a studio in the Park for many years, filming underwater beaver activity and simulating birds in flight.
  • The headwaters, or source, of the 250km-long Rouge River system are in the Oak Ridges Moraine, an important geologic feature north of the City of Toronto. Rouge Park is the only place where the Ontario Greenbelt reaches Lake Ontario in the City of Toronto.
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